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北京外国语大学青少年模拟联合国大会Beijing Foreign Studies University Model United Nations ( Grade 4 - 12 )

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初中学术资源

委员会会议规则
主新闻中心(MPC)规则



委员会会议规则

   

   在模联中,学生以各国驻联合国“外交官”的身份就议题进行探讨,按照联合国议事规则进行表达、演讲、辩论与合作,撰写决议草案,进行投票。

  参会代表须按照如下规则进行会议准备和参会(不含主新闻中心MPC,MPC会场由主席现场组织指挥):


会前准备

PP规则



会议流程


  参会代表在会前先行阅读了解。在10月12日进行的会前培训中,主席团和教师将带领参会代表进行流程模拟,提前熟悉。要了解大会完整日程?


会议流程



主新闻中心(MPC)规则


主新闻中心Main Press Centre (简称 MPC),是模拟联合国中一个特殊的会场和委员会,负责大会的新闻报导。此会场中的学生不是代表世界国家的外交官,而是代表世界各国的知名媒体、通讯社,身份是作为这些通讯社的记者。特别是对媒体和新闻工作感兴趣的学生,可以在其中获得很好的体验和锻炼。MPC分中文记者和英文记者,可以在参加学术测评的填报志愿时进行选择。

主新闻中心(MPC)作为官方媒体参与模拟联合国大会,承担国际传播的使命,负责对各个会场会议进程的跟踪报导。工作内容包括定时撰写文章、播报简讯、采访、摄影等,还会根据主席团的安排不定时地发布危机、召开新闻发布会。既要真实可靠地报导,也要通过观察、分析和评论,引导舆论,促进问题的积极解决。


会前准备

mpc

会中流程


  记者在会前先行阅读了解。在10月12日进行的会前培训中,主席团和教师将带领各位通讯社记者进行流程模拟,提前熟悉。要了解大会完整日程?


搜狗截图18年07月31日1353_2



关于议题和委员会的概念


1、议题 Topic

  是指联合国所讨论的世界上亟待解决的问题。

  在模拟联合国中,会从联合国关注的问题中选择合适的议题进行讨论。

      A subject that is discussed in the United Nations and Model United Nations.


2、委员会 Committee

  联合国作为一个国际组织,于1945年成立,现有会员国193个。

  联合国是通过一系列机构和委员会为会员国提供论坛的形式,来表达他们的观点。促成会员国间对话,主持协商,成为政府间达成协议,携手解决问题。

  联合国机构和委员会数量很多,每个都有相应的职责,且拥有不同数量的会员国。这些机构和委员会就相关议题讨论解决方案,开展相关项目,在此列举几个,如,

  安理会(Security Council):是联合国主要机关之一,负有维护国际和平与安全的首要责任。讨论议题如,维和部队、索马里问题等。

联合国大会下设六个委员会,如第三委员会:社会、人道主义和文化委员会(GA Third Committee: SOCHUM):讨论的议题如:妇女地位、保护儿童、难民待遇问题等;

粮食及农业组织(FAO):是联合国专门机构,讨论议题例如战胜饥饿、粮食不安全和营养不良等。

在模拟联合国中,也会按照联合国的机构和委员会设置组织会议,讨论相关议题。

2018北外模联中,共下设10个委员会(包括主新闻中心MPC),讨论9个议题。


初中共设6个委员会,其中包括2个中文委员会和3个英文委员会,和1个主新闻中心MPC。



会场简介


中文会场


委员会:联合国教科文组织

议题:文化遗产的保护

委员会介绍:

联合国教科文组织成立于1946年,其宗旨是促进教育、科学及文化方面的国际合作,以利于各国人民之间的相互了解,维护世界和平。

议题介绍:

七十多年后的今天,局部冲突仍然持续不断,冲突地区的文化遗产保护也面临着巨大的挑战和威胁:叙利亚,文物被恐怖分子当作谋取更大利益的工具,为了获得更多资金,叙境内的珍贵文物被窃取、走私;埃及,所在的北非地区历史已绵延千年之久,拥有众多博物馆和历史遗迹,但却由于军事政变,大量文物被视为异端的代表而惨遭破坏;马里共和国的文物在国内军事政变的过程中被反政府武装组织非法贩卖的不计其数,能被追回的寥寥无几......在国际局势仍不安宁的今天,在会议中,联合国教科文组织的成员国们,需要共同努力,通过经济、政治和文化等多重手段保护珍贵的文化遗产。



  委员会:和平利用外层空间委员会

  议题:外太空的非军事化利用

委员会介绍:

联合国和平利用外层空间委员会的宗旨是制定和平利用外空的原则和规章,促进各国在和平利用外空领域的合作,研究与探索和利用外空有关的科技问题和可能产生的法律问题。

议题介绍:

1957104日,第一颗人造地球卫星升入太空,打破了外层空间的宁静。此后的数十年中,越来越多的国家开始将太空用于军事,军备竞赛被带向了太空。另一方面,太空在民用领域的价值也日益凸显。科学实验、资源开发、以及商业公司的参与,都使得太空活动的主体和类型变得更加复杂。

在这种情况下,现有的关于外太空开发利用的规章制度已经不足以有效规范各国太空行为,一套可以指导各国太空活动、保护各国太空权利的制度亟待建立。在本次会议中,代表们将着重讨论出一套可以有效阻止太空军事化现状加剧的方案,并在此基础上尽可能多地为更多的太空活动的主体和行为提供行为规范和制度保护。



英文会场


Committee:UNSC

Topic:Peacebuilding in Iraq

Committee

The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force for international peace and security.

Topic

Fifteen years ago, USA easily entered and dominated Iraq, overturning the rule of the Arab Socialist Renaissance Party, which had existed as the only governing party of Iraq for decades, and the Saddam-era came to an end. We probably can’t define what the people of Iraq gained and suffered at the same time. What we can see is that the whole country was put into instability with the successively terrorist activities, mainly organized by the al-Qaeda before 2011 and by the “Islamic States” at present.

Thanks to the effort of the international community, the IS has severely reduced its occupation area after being struck. The security situation of Iraq is taking a turn for the better step by step. Nevertheless, the future of the peace building in Iraq is still unclear because of the disagreement of religious sects, remnants of IS and Kurdish problem.

This time, the United Nations Security Council will focus on the reestablishment of security and politics in post-Saddam Iraq, with the back-ground of the withdrawal of USA and the coming end of Syrian Civil War. The 15 delegations in the UNSC are expected to negotiate and cooperate well in the conference, for a stable and peaceful Iraq.



Committee:UNEP 

Topic:Global Warming and Sea Level Rise

Committee:

The United Nations Environment Programme is the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda, improves the cooperative implementation of the environmentally sustainable development within the United Nations system.

The mission of UNEP is to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.

The work of UNEP can be divided into 7 areas: climate change, disaster and conflicts, ecosystem management, environmental governance, chemicals and waste, resource efficiency, and environment under review.

Topic:

Nowadays, global warming has already become an urgent problem that human faces. With the increasing of human activities, human influence becomes the main cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century. Climate model shows that during the 21st century, the global surface temperature is likely to rise a further 0.3 to 1.7 °C (0.5 to 3.1 °F) in the lowest emissions scenario, and 2.6 to 4.8 °C (4.7 to 8.6 °F) in the highest emissions scenario. The increasing temperature leads to the melt of ice sheets and glaciers on land, resulting to sea level rise. Floods, storm tides, sea water intrusion and the upsetting of ecosystem all warn human of the damaging result if no method is taken to speed down the increasing temperature. How to shoulder the responsibility of protecting our environment will be a problem that requires every country’s participation.



Committee: SPECPOL 

Topic: Joint Governance on International Migration

Committee:

United Nations General Assembly 4th Committee a.k.a. Special Political and Decolonization Committee (SPECPOL) discusses and provides special political resorts and various politics-related issues, including Israeli-Palestinian peace process and UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East to mine action and outer space missions. Political operation and corresponding policy-making is the inescapable responsibilities of SPECPOL.

Topic:

Migration has caused more and more concerns in the international community, as the past decade has seen the emergence of more than 60 million refugees and countless migrants as well, which has been bringing many challenges to the world.

In this topic, the discussion will include a majority of voluntary and active migrants who left their home in search for better opportunities while not excluding forced migrants who probably suffered from war or natural disaster. Delegates should not only see the problems and hardships they are facing, but also bringing about solutions to the governance of international migrants.



  中英文会场:主新闻中心 Main Press Centre 


主新闻中心简称MPC,是模拟联合国中一个特殊的会场和委员会,负责大会的新闻报导。此会场中的学生不是代表世界国家的外交官,而是来自世界各国的知名媒体、通讯社,身份是作为这些通讯社的记者,负责对各个委员会的会议进程进行跟踪与报导。

在模拟联合国会议中,主新闻中心具有在国际社会传播新闻的使命,并以其独特的传播能力和广泛的影响范围时刻影响着会议进程。其工作内容除定时撰写文章、简讯、采访、摄影等任务外,还根据会议进程不定时发布危机、召开新闻发布会等。特别是对媒体和新闻工作感兴趣的学生,可以在其中获得很好的锻炼和体验。MPC分中文记者和英文记者,会议和文件也与其他委员会有不同的规则。



Main Press Center (MPC) is a special committee in Model United Nations. In this committee the students are not diplomats of countries but journalists from different news agencies in the world.

Main Press Center (MPC) plays an important role in the process of MUN conferences. Journalists are supposed to promote the conference process by following up the situations, negotiating with delegates and publicizing articles or interviews. Now, we are sincerely looking forward to cooperating with anyone who is interested in journalism and diplomatic fields.


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